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DESAFÍOS LEGALES Y LITIGIOS

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Los gobiernos deben resistir los desafíos legales y amenazas de supuestos compromisos con acuerdos económicos internacionales para prevenir, retrasar o revocar la legislación de control del tabaco.

Los desafíos legales por parte de la industria se están poniendo en marcha en todo el mundo para evitar el control del tabaco por parte del gobierno. Los inmensos recursos legales de las grandes empresas tabacaleras multinacionales suelen estar enfrentados a los muchas veces limitados recursos legales de un país de ingresos bajos o medianos. Estos desafíos legales, que pueden incluir invocar los acuerdos económicos, son costosos de defender defender e invariablemente retrasan la aplicación de las leyes aprobadas para la protección de la salud pública. Por ejemplo, en 2014, British American Tobacco tenía a 450 personas en su equipo de asuntos regulatorios, involucrados en la presión agresiva para evitar la regulación de empaquetado neutro en el Reino Unido. La amenaza de litigio está sofocando los esfuerzos legislativos y regulatorios en muchos lugares.

En noviembre de 2010, la Conferencia de las Partes del Convenio Marco de la OMS para el Control del Tabaco adoptó la Declaración de Punta del Este en apoyo de las partes de la CMCT de la OMS que se enfrentan a ataques legales para la implementación del tratado y sus directrices. La declaración describe la preocupación con respecto a las acciones legales tomadas por la industria tabacalera que buscan subvertir y socavar las políticas gubernamentales de control del tabaco. En la declaración, se indica que las partes tienen el derecho de definir y aplicar políticas nacionales de salud pública de conformidad con el cumplimiento de los convenios y los compromisos en el marco de la OMS, en particular con el CMCT de la OMS.

Los derechos de los fumadores, los grupos de fachada neoliberales y otros grupos, financiados por la industria del tabaco, se están utilizando en todo el mundo para desafiar la legislación de control del tabaco.

Desafíos legales

Lucha contra los desafíos legales de la lucha antitabáquica: Países seleccionados, 2010 a 2014
Recursos

Fuentes

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Asia Limited v. Commonwealth of Australia (Procedural Order No.4) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Sinditabaco v. ANVISA – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Naya Bans Sarv Vyapar Assoc. v. India – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Smoke Free Partnership. TPD negotiations successfully conclude with compromise agreement. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Smyth B. Shadowy lobbying against Tobacco Products Directive. tobaccounpacked. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Rajat Industries v. Union of India – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Judicial Review of Law No. 36 of 2009, Ruling in Case No. 66 – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Norway v. Health and Care Services of Norway – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Baig v. Province of Punjab (WP No. 15814-2012) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. British American Tobacco of Peru S.A.C. v. Congress of the Republic – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Decision Search – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 2].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Imperial Tobacco v. Lord Advocate (Scotland) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. British American Tobacco South Africa (PTY) Limited v. Minister of Health, et al. – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Ceylon Tobacco v. Minister of Health – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. JT International (Thailand) v. Minister of Public Health – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Imperial Tobacco Ltd., Re Judicial Review – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Brands Sàrl, Philip Morris Products S.A. and Abal Hermanos S.A. v. Oriental Republic of Uruguay – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. R.J. Reynolds v. Food & Drug Administration – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Desafíos Legales: Europa

Lucha contra los desafíos legales de la lucha antitabáquica: Países seleccionados, 2010 a 2014
Recursos

Fuentes

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Asia Limited v. Commonwealth of Australia (Procedural Order No.4) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Sinditabaco v. ANVISA – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Naya Bans Sarv Vyapar Assoc. v. India – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Smoke Free Partnership. TPD negotiations successfully conclude with compromise agreement. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Smyth B. Shadowy lobbying against Tobacco Products Directive. tobaccounpacked. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Rajat Industries v. Union of India – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Judicial Review of Law No. 36 of 2009, Ruling in Case No. 66 – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Norway v. Health and Care Services of Norway – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Baig v. Province of Punjab (WP No. 15814-2012) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. British American Tobacco of Peru S.A.C. v. Congress of the Republic – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Decision Search – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 2].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Imperial Tobacco v. Lord Advocate (Scotland) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. British American Tobacco South Africa (PTY) Limited v. Minister of Health, et al. – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Ceylon Tobacco v. Minister of Health – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. JT International (Thailand) v. Minister of Public Health – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Imperial Tobacco Ltd., Re Judicial Review – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Brands Sàrl, Philip Morris Products S.A. and Abal Hermanos S.A. v. Oriental Republic of Uruguay – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. R.J. Reynolds v. Food & Drug Administration – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Desafíos Legales: Eastern Mediterranean

Lucha contra los desafíos legales de la lucha antitabáquica: Países seleccionados, 2010 a 2014

2012

Pakistán

El Tribunal Superior de Lahore desestimó una petición de los propietarios de cafés shisha contra la ley libre de humo.

Recursos

Fuentes

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Asia Limited v. Commonwealth of Australia (Procedural Order No.4) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Sinditabaco v. ANVISA – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Naya Bans Sarv Vyapar Assoc. v. India – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Smoke Free Partnership. TPD negotiations successfully conclude with compromise agreement. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Smyth B. Shadowy lobbying against Tobacco Products Directive. tobaccounpacked. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Rajat Industries v. Union of India – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Judicial Review of Law No. 36 of 2009, Ruling in Case No. 66 – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Norway v. Health and Care Services of Norway – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Baig v. Province of Punjab (WP No. 15814-2012) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. British American Tobacco of Peru S.A.C. v. Congress of the Republic – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Decision Search – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 2].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Imperial Tobacco v. Lord Advocate (Scotland) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. British American Tobacco South Africa (PTY) Limited v. Minister of Health, et al. – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Ceylon Tobacco v. Minister of Health – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. JT International (Thailand) v. Minister of Public Health – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Imperial Tobacco Ltd., Re Judicial Review – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Brands Sàrl, Philip Morris Products S.A. and Abal Hermanos S.A. v. Oriental Republic of Uruguay – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. R.J. Reynolds v. Food & Drug Administration – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

“En mi opinión, algo está fundamentalmente mal en este mundo cuando una empresa puede desafiar las políticas gubernamentales introducidas para proteger al público de un producto que mata”. ­—Dr Margaret Chan, Directora General de la OMS, Asamblea Mundial de la Salud, 2014

Desafíos Legales: Sudeste Asiático

Lucha contra los desafíos legales de la lucha antitabáquica: Países seleccionados, 2010 a 2014
Recursos

Fuentes

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Asia Limited v. Commonwealth of Australia (Procedural Order No.4) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Sinditabaco v. ANVISA – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Naya Bans Sarv Vyapar Assoc. v. India – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Smoke Free Partnership. TPD negotiations successfully conclude with compromise agreement. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Smyth B. Shadowy lobbying against Tobacco Products Directive. tobaccounpacked. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Rajat Industries v. Union of India – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Judicial Review of Law No. 36 of 2009, Ruling in Case No. 66 – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Norway v. Health and Care Services of Norway – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Baig v. Province of Punjab (WP No. 15814-2012) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. British American Tobacco of Peru S.A.C. v. Congress of the Republic – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Decision Search – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 2].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Imperial Tobacco v. Lord Advocate (Scotland) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. British American Tobacco South Africa (PTY) Limited v. Minister of Health, et al. – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Ceylon Tobacco v. Minister of Health – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. JT International (Thailand) v. Minister of Public Health – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Imperial Tobacco Ltd., Re Judicial Review – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Brands Sàrl, Philip Morris Products S.A. and Abal Hermanos S.A. v. Oriental Republic of Uruguay – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. R.J. Reynolds v. Food & Drug Administration – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Desafíos Legales: Pacífico Occidental

Lucha contra los desafíos legales de la lucha antitabáquica: Países seleccionados, 2010 a 2014

2011

Filipinas

Varios casos de jurisdicción sobre las regulaciones del Tabaco, incluidas las advertencias sanitarias gráficas, las prohibiciones de TAPS y las prohibiciones de fumar, están en curso.

2011

Australia

El gobierno australiano está luchando contra desafíos a su Ley de empaquetado genérico del tabaco. Un desafío es de Philip Morris ASIA que utiliza un tratado bilateral de inversiones entre Australia y Hong Kong. El otro desafío es de varios países que hacen uso de la Organización Mundial del Comercio.

 

 

Recursos

Fuentes

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Asia Limited v. Commonwealth of Australia (Procedural Order No.4) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Sinditabaco v. ANVISA – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Naya Bans Sarv Vyapar Assoc. v. India – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Smoke Free Partnership. TPD negotiations successfully conclude with compromise agreement. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Smyth B. Shadowy lobbying against Tobacco Products Directive. tobaccounpacked. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Rajat Industries v. Union of India – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Judicial Review of Law No. 36 of 2009, Ruling in Case No. 66 – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Norway v. Health and Care Services of Norway – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Baig v. Province of Punjab (WP No. 15814-2012) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. British American Tobacco of Peru S.A.C. v. Congress of the Republic – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Decision Search – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 2].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Imperial Tobacco v. Lord Advocate (Scotland) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. British American Tobacco South Africa (PTY) Limited v. Minister of Health, et al. – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Ceylon Tobacco v. Minister of Health – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. JT International (Thailand) v. Minister of Public Health – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Imperial Tobacco Ltd., Re Judicial Review – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Brands Sàrl, Philip Morris Products S.A. and Abal Hermanos S.A. v. Oriental Republic of Uruguay – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. R.J. Reynolds v. Food & Drug Administration – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Desafíos Legales: África

Lucha contra los desafíos legales de la lucha antitabáquica: Países seleccionados, 2010 a 2014

2012

Sudáfrica

El Tribunal Constitucional desestimó el recurso presentado por British American Tobacco quienes demandaron al Ministro de Salud, alegando que la Ley de Control de Productos de Tabaco era inconstitucional. Este caso implicaba técnicas de comercialización de persona a persona prohibidas en virtud de la prohibición de TAPS. El Tribunal consideró que los riesgos de fumar son muy superiores a los intereses de los fumadores, y que Sudáfrica está obligado a observar el CMCT de la OMS.

Recursos

Fuentes

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Asia Limited v. Commonwealth of Australia (Procedural Order No.4) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Sinditabaco v. ANVISA – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Naya Bans Sarv Vyapar Assoc. v. India – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Smoke Free Partnership. TPD negotiations successfully conclude with compromise agreement. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Smyth B. Shadowy lobbying against Tobacco Products Directive. tobaccounpacked. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Rajat Industries v. Union of India – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Judicial Review of Law No. 36 of 2009, Ruling in Case No. 66 – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Norway v. Health and Care Services of Norway – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Baig v. Province of Punjab (WP No. 15814-2012) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. British American Tobacco of Peru S.A.C. v. Congress of the Republic – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Oct 31].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Decision Search – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 2].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Imperial Tobacco v. Lord Advocate (Scotland) – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. British American Tobacco South Africa (PTY) Limited v. Minister of Health, et al. – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Ceylon Tobacco v. Minister of Health – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. JT International (Thailand) v. Minister of Public Health – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Imperial Tobacco Ltd., Re Judicial Review – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. Philip Morris Brands Sàrl, Philip Morris Products S.A. and Abal Hermanos S.A. v. Oriental Republic of Uruguay – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. R.J. Reynolds v. Food & Drug Administration – Tobacco Control Laws. Tobacco Control Laws. [cited 2014 Nov 1].

Temas De litigios

Casos de litigios seleccionado por tema de control del tabaco, hasta e incluyendo el 2014

“Contamos con las personas, la paciencia, la perseverancia y la determinación para superar incluso los más difíciles desafíos judiciales”. ­—Louis C. Camilleri, presidente y director ejecutivo de Altria/Philip Morris, en la Reunión Anual de Accionistas en Richmond, VA, de 2003.

LITIGIO: Canadá

Litigios contra la industria del tabaco :países seleccionados

LITIGIO: EE.UU

Litigios contra la industria del tabaco : países seleccionados

LITIGIO: Europa

Litigios contra la industria del tabaco : países seleccionados

LITIGIO: Filipinas and Indonesia

Litigios contra la industria del tabaco : países seleccionados
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